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Alert signs when there is blockage of an artery


When it becomes advanced, coronary artery disease (CAD) usually does not cause symptoms. Subtle symptoms can include dizziness, feelings similar to indigestion, exhaustion, and lack of energy. CAD signs that are more apparent include shortness of breath and chest pain. They are all warning signs of a heart attack and, if you have any of the signs or symptoms of CAD, you should seek medical attention.

The Recurrent Symptoms
In general signs of CAD are due to a narrowing of the heart's blood vessels, which can intermittently impede adequate blood flow to the heart muscle. It's important to note that they can occur, although symptoms are not frequent with CAD.
CAD symptoms are the most common:

  • Shortness of breath: You can feel like you can't catch your breath, can't get enough oxygen or can't breathe if you have inadequate blood flow in the coronary arteries. Dyspnea is also characterized as this sensation. With physical exertion or emotional stress, it is more likely to arise or worsen. Shortness of breath can not be so noticeable sometimes, and it may make you feel as if you don't have stamina or endurance.
  • Chest pain: Inadequate blood flow to your coronary arteries can also manifest as chest discomfort similar to indigestion. In general, true indigestion should occur shortly after eating (not induced by CAD) and can worsen while you are in a lie-down position.

Chest pain caused by coronary artery disease is more likely to develop when physical activity is demanding and to improve when the physical activity is reduced.

  • Dizziness/lightheadedness: If you have CAD, you can feel occasional lightheadedness or dizziness. Physical exertion is more likely to follow this, although it can happen at any moment.
  • Lack of energy: With CAD, there can be a feeling of reduced energy and regular or unexpected exhaustion. This is a warning sign, particularly if you already have other CAD symptoms, but it may be the only symptom.
  • Angina: Tightness and discomfort, which are most intense on the left side of the chest or behind the breastbone and can include the jaw and left shoulder, are characterized by stable angina. Angina may occur for a few minutes with CAD and resolve on its own or may worsen over the course of minutes, which is the indication of a heart attack (myocardial infarction). Many people who have a heart attack remember having had brief periods of chest pain during the previous months as a complication of CAD. If the heart muscle temporarily does not get enough blood flow into the coronary arteries, Advanced CAD will produce angina. For example, with physical exertion or during periods of extreme stress, stable angina happens in an almost predictable manner, which usually means that a plaque has grown large enough to cause a partial obstruction of a coronary artery.

Uncommon Signs
Not as easily recognizable are the atypical signs of CAD. People who experience these symptoms, even at a regularly scheduled check-up, do not even mention them to the doctor. This can lead to missed diagnosis, ineffective care, and worse results.
CAD's atypical signs include:

  • Unstable angina: Unstable angina is any new angina, angina that occurs at rest, or angina that occurs with less physical activity than angina previously caused (for example, before experiencing chest pain, you might have been able to walk five blocks and now you develop it after walking two blocks). You are at high risk of experiencing a complete occlusion of the coronary artery if you have unstable angina, leading to a heart attack.
  • Atypical chest pain: Angina pain is characteristically characterized as a close, squeezing feeling or pressure. But it can also manifest as a feeling of warmth or burning and may be found in the back, shoulders, arms, or jaw. In particular, as a result of CAD, women are more likely to experience atypical chest pain, and some women may not have chest discomfort at all. Instead the left side of the chest or arm can feel tingling or numbness; a sore throat is also a likely atypical symptom, especially in women.
  • Palpitations: A quick or uneven pulse can sound like a feeling of thumping or trembling and is frequently accompanied by dizziness or lightheadedness.
  • Silent heart attacks: Heart attacks are usually accompanied by painful chest pain and shortness of breath.

Several severe CAD problems occur. These can occur when the arteries become so severely diseased after years of untreated CAD that there is total obstruction of blood flow through the coronary arteries. This causes the heart muscles to have inadequate oxygen and nutrient supply, possibly causing the death of the cells of the heart muscle and eventual dysfunction of a portion of the heart muscle itself.

  • Myocardial infarctions (heart attacks): Loss of blood supply to the myocardium (heart muscle) is a heart attack.3 Usually, it is characterized by crushing chest pain and shortness of breath. Nausea; vomiting; indigestion; dyspnea; severe tiredness; sweating; or numbness or tingling in the left side of the chest, left arm, shoulder, or jaw may also be symptoms.
  • Arrhythmia: After a heart attack, an irregular heartbeat will begin. If the heart attack affects the heart's pacemaker, an abnormal heart rhythm may result. Fatigue, lightheadedness, palpitations, or fainting can cause this.
  • Heart failure: Heart failure (a weak heart) will occur if a portion of the heart muscle becomes weak after a heart attack. Heart failure is expressed as tiredness, shortness of breath, and leg swelling.

Whether to see a Doctor

You can inform your doctor if you have sporadic CAD symptoms. Many people stop talking about symptoms or out of fear or ignorance, dismiss them. CAD will get worse without treatment and can unexpectedly cause a fatal heart attack, or may cause a heart attack that leads to chronic complications and a reduced quality of life.
You need to get emergency medical attention if you experience angina or signs of what appears to be a heart attack.

When to talk to your Doctor
If you have symptoms that could be CAD, such as tiredness, fatigue, heartburn, chest pain, shortness of breath, or reduced physical stamina, you can send your doctor a call to explain how you feel and follow the instructions for an appointment or medical test.
Be sure to explain the timing, frequency, and length of your symptoms when you see your physician. Include things such as what you were doing when it happened and what caused the symptoms to go away. You will understand the terms your doctor can use in our guide below, as well as give you questions to better understand your condition.

Where to Get Medical Emergency Treatment
You should get medical attention immediately if your symptoms intensify or become more frequent. Call for emergency assistance if you experience chest pain, shortness of breath, or irregular left-side symptoms, with or without a cause. It can be fatal to have a heart attack and timely care leads to better results.

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